The primary objective of my journey to Peru and Chile was to visit Machu Picchu, the best preserved example of an Inka community.  This is a long post but is comparatively short on text and long on pictures.

Other posts about the trip to Peru and Chile:

Palacio del Inka, Cusco, Peru – A Starwood Luxury Collection Hotel

LATAM Airlines 767-300 Business Class, Miami, FL (MIA) to Lima, Peru (LIM)

City Tour in 14 Pictures – Cusco, Peru

Hotel Review – La Yegua Loca, Punta Arenas, Chile

Trip Report in 15 Pictures – The Strait of Magellan, Punta Arenas, Chile and Fort Bulnes

Nao Victoria Museo, Estrecho de Magallanes, Chile – Pictorial Trip Report – And New Thoughts on Who Was the First Person to Sail Around the World

Torres del Paine National Park and Cave of the Milodon National Monument – Pictorial Trip Report

LATAM Airlines 787-8 Business Class Lima, Peru (LIM) to Santiago, Chile (SCL)

American Airlines 777-200 First Class – Santiago, Chile (SCL) to Miami, FL (MIA)

First Look – American Airlines Renovated D-15 Admirals Club, Miami International (MIA)

Train from Cusco (Poroy) to Machu Picchu (Aguas Calientes)

Machu Picchu lies approximately 50 as-the-crow-flies miles northwest of Cusco, Peru, the capital of the Inka Empire.  The easiest way to go from Cusco to Machu Picchu is by train.

Trains depart from the station in Poroy, which is a 30-minute drive from central Cusco in good traffic.  The train arrives in Aguas Calientes, the closest city to Machu Picchu, 3.5 hours after departing Poroy.  A bus ride or hiking completes the final few miles to Machu Picchu.

Because the trip takes so long, those wanting to return to Cusco on the same day must leave early.

Boarding at Poroy at 6:07 a.m.

Three rail companies provide transportation from Poroy.  Heavy demand requires buying tickets through a tour company or online well in advance of your desired travel date.2016-11-02-06-08-29

The trip to Aguas Calientes is itself a great experience.

PeruRail coach
Every seat would be filled.  You can put a backpack in the space behind the seats.

The train follows a route past farms, small settlements, the Urubamba (Sacred) River,  hills with steep canyons, and occasional views of high Andes peaks.img_15142016-11-02-08-18-16img_15152016-11-02-07-20-24

Urubamba River – the Sacred River
Ollantaytambo train station



Even though Cusco sits at over 11,200 feet, it never snows there. The high peaks of the Andes block the moisture making the land to their west a high desert.
Peru Rail serves a light meal on the trip

At one point near Ollantaytambo you can see a portion of the Inka Trail that leads to  Machu Picchu.  Machu Picchu is a three-day hike from Ollantaytambo.

Inka Trail

Bus from Aguas Calientes to Machu Picchu

In Aguas Calientes I met John, my guide.  We boarded a bus for a 20-minute, somewhat perilous ride up the mountain.  Hiking to Machu Picchu is also an option for the physically fit who have an extra two hours to kill.  You’re going from roughly 6,800 feet at Aguas Calientes to almost 8,000 feet at Machu Picchu.

Transfer to buses at Aguas Calientes
Views on the bus are stunning
From Machu Picchu you can see numerous switchbacks the dirt road takes up the mountain. There are few guardrails.

Machu Picchu

Arriving at Machu Picchu after a four-hour journey, stretch your legs on a short climb from the bus parking lot.2016-11-02-10-50-222016-11-02-10-48-54

The climb is rewarded with more breathtaking views. 2016-11-02-10-56-282016-11-02-10-52-19

Scratch one bucket-list item baby!  (best Dick Vitale voice)
John Alexis Mendoza Quispe


The precise nature and purpose of Machu Picchu remains uncertain.  Many experts believe it was a royal estate for Emperor Pachacuti Inka Yupanqui.  It seems to be generally accepted that the facilities at Machu Picchu could support around 300 Inka.  It looks bigger than that to my untrained eye.

After enjoying the views from above, John and I worked our way into the settlement.

The main entrance
What looks like it could have been a plaza or an area for royal ceremonies.  Or perhaps the Inka played a game like football, rugby or soccer.
The quarry where stone was cut

Terraces retain the soil and turn steep hillsides into acres of tillable land. 2016-11-02-14-34-252016-11-02-11-32-532016-11-02-14-36-25

Terraces and the Urubamba river below


A small coca plant.  Coca was one of the Inka’s main crops and may have been how they maintained an empire.

One of the most important structures is the Temple of the Sun.  At sunrise on June 21, light enters a window and strikes a stone on the floor indicating the summer solstice.

Temple of the Sun
Temple of the Sun from above
The Inka Trail is visible as a thin line on the hill next to Machu Picchu

After a couple of hours we paused our “exploration” and headed to the restaurant near the bus loading zone for a hearty buffet lunch.

The Inka ate one meal a day – but they also had coca leaves to munch on. Seconds coming up.

The delicious lunch gave me the energy for another two hours at Machu Picchu.

Water was in abundant supply thanks to aqueducts connected to a spring on an adjoining mountain.
Storage building with a reconstructed thatch roof
The Temple of the Condor. Natural rock formations created vertical wings and head and feathers on the ground. The head served as an altar for animal sacrifices.

Now, the only residents of Machu Picchu are llamas and chinchillas.

Momma llama and cria (baby)
Chinchilla making a quick escape

Train to Poroy

PeruRail train at Aguas Calientes

At 4 p.m. we left Machu Picchu to catch a bus to Aguas Calientes.  John and I said farewell at the train station.  We would meet at the hotel early the next morning for a tour of the Sacred Valley.

On the trip to Poroy, PeruRail once again served light snacks.2016-11-02-17-46-51img_1686

The highlight of the trip was a surprise fashion show presented by the staff who seated and served us.

The show started with a man dressed as a demon who enticed some of the passengers to dance.

Then other staff members came through wearing versatile alpaca outfits. 2016-11-02-18-20-122016-11-02-18-22-252016-11-02-18-28-11

It was a good show.  I wonder when airlines will start doing this to boost duty free sales. That idea might work well on some Asian carriers – American, United and Delta not so much.

Overall Impression

Machu Picchu and the journey there were more impressive than I had imagined.  The Inka had superb engineering skills to move, carve and place stone.  They used no mortar yet their work remains despite numerous devastating earthquakes that leveled structures produced by modern technology.

Next is a review of the trip to the Sacred Valley.  For other posts on this trip to Peru and Chile see the beginning of this post.