The marker is in Glanhayes, West Virginia, in Wayne County on U.S. 52.

The State of West Virginia erected the monument in 2017. The “Polley Paupers,” as the children were known when the case first went to trial in 1851, were kidnapped against their will from their family in Lawrence County, Ohio, a free state, and enslaved in West Virginia. Kidnapping and enslavement of free Blacks happened frequently in that era. If anyone thinks that is being “critical” — its being factual.

My father and grandfather, were from Huntington, West Virginia, and a bunch of Polleys (Black and Caucasian) are still there and in Southeast Ohio.

John Polley